188:歷年學位英語真題

发布时间:2020-05-19 19:09阅读量:126次作者:188体育网址

橋西校區:石家莊中山西路與維明街交口東行50米路北-南樓3樓咨詢電話:0311-67567007、67669477、67669191紅旗校區:石家莊紅旗大街與槐安路交口西南角-紫金大廈11樓咨詢電話:0311-67306255、69003993九派校區:石家莊育才街與中山路交口-九派大廈12樓咨詢電話:0311-86666955、86666933

Goodsenseisthemostequitabledistributed(divide)thingintheworld,foreachmancon,sidershimselfsowellprovidedwithitthateventhosewhoaremostdifficult,tosatisfyineverythingelsedo,notusuallywishtohavemoreofitthantheyhavealready.Itisnotlikelythateveryoneismistakeninthis;itshows,rather,thattheabilitytojudgerightlyandseparatethetruefromthefalse,whichisessentiallywhatiscalledgoodsenseorreason(很強的判斷力),isbynature(生來)equalinallmen,andthusthatouropinionsdiffernotbecausesomemenarebetterendowedwith(獲得的判斷力)reasonthanothers,butonlybecausewedirectourthoughtsalongdifferentpaths,anddonotconsiderthesamethings,foritisnotenoughtohaveagoodmind:whatismostimportantistoapplyitrightly.Thegreatestsoulsarecapableofthegreatestvices;andthosewhowalkveryslowlycanadvancemuchfurther,iftheyalwayskeeptothedirectroad,thanthosewhorunandgoastray(誤入迷途).

Formypart,Ihaveneverpresumedmymindtobemoreperfectthanaverageinanyway;Ihave,infact,oftenwishedthatmythoughtswereasquick,ormyimaginationaspreciseanddistinct,ormymemoryascapaciousorprompt,asthoseofsomeothermen.

AndIknowofnootherqualitiesthanthesewhichmakefortheperfectionofthemind;forastoreason,orgoodsense,inasmuchasitalonemakesusmenanddistinguishesusfromthebeasts(animals),Iamquitewillingtobelievethatiswholeandentireineachofus,andtofollowinthecommonopinionofthephilosopherswhosaythattherearedifferencesofmoreorlessonlyamongtheaccidents,andnotamongtheforms,ornatures,oftheindividualsofasinglespecies.

188体育网址2Ofthethousandsofdifferentkindsofanimalsthatexistintheworldmanhaslearnedtomakefriendswithanenormousnumber.Somearepets,andofferhimcompanionshisomegiveprotection,andsomedohardworkwhichmancannotdoforhimself.Dogs,whichservemaninallthreecapacities,arefoundinvariousbreedsinallcountriesoftheworld.TheHuskycanliveinthecoldpolarregions,andtheSalukiisathomeinthehottestpartsofCentralAfrica.Theinhabitantsofcertaincountriesaredependentfortheirverylivesonthecamel.IntheWestIndiesthelittledonkey,strongandsure-footed,carryingheavyloadseveninmountainousplaces,isafamiliarsight.

Trainedandtamedformanygenerations,domesticanimalsarenotaccustomedtoroaming(到處走動)insearchoffoodandshelter.Theylooktotheirmasterstoprovidefortheirneeds,andaslongasthesearesupplied,theyarecontenttodowhattheirmastersrequire.

Alldomesticanimalsneedproperfood.Itmustbesuitableforthem,sufficientinquantity,freshandclean.Somepeoplefeedapetdogorcatonoddsandendsoftablescraps,andthenwonderwhytheanimalseemslistless(倦怠的)anddull.Thequantityoffooddependsonthesizeoftheanimalandtheamountofexerciseittakes.Overfeedingisasbadasunderfeeding.

Containersforfoodandwatermustbewashedregularlyiftheanimalistomaintaingoodhealth.Evenwellcaredforanimalsmaysometimesfallill.Ifthishappens,thewisemasterseeksthebestadvicehecanget.Allsortsofmedicinesandtreatmentsareavailableforsickanimals,andinsomecountriesorganizationsexisttoprovidethemfreeoratacheapprice.Useful,friendly,hardworkinganimalsdeservetohavesometime,moneyandattentionspentontheirhealth.

1.WhatmainideadoestheauthorwanttoconveyinthefirstparagraphA)Thereexiststhousandsofspeciesofanimalsintheworld.B)Mancametoestablishacloserelationshipwithanumberofanimals.C)Insomeregionsadonkeyseemstobeaveryusefulbeast.D)Ananimalwillbeuselessunlessdomesticated.

2.Whenananimalisunderfed,itwillprobably____.A)refusetoobeyitsmasterB)immediatelyfallillC)requireitsmastertooffersomefoodD)seekforfoodonitsown

3.WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrueofdogsaccordingtothepassageA)Theycanactasfriends,guards,andservantstoman.B)Theyhavegreatadaptationfortheenvironment.C)Thereliveagreatvarietyofbreedsofdogsontheglobe.D)TheHuskyandtheSalukiarethestrongestbreedeverknownintheworld.

4.Tokeepadomesticanimalphysicallyfit,itsownerisadvised____.A)nottohesitatetospendenormousamountofmoneyonitB)topayattentiontoitsproperfeedingC)nottoallowittotakeexcessiveamountsofexerciseD)tojoinsomesortofpet-keepingorganizations

5.WhichofthefollowingwouldbebestTITLEforthispassageA)DomesticatedAnimals-Man’sBestFriendB)ProperDiet-theRoadtoHealthC)TheAdvantagesofRaisingDomesticAnimalsD)SomeTipsonPet-keeping

Inrecentyearsanewandseriousproblemhasarisenforinternationalairlinesandtheirpassengers.Thisistherelativelynewcrimeofhijacking.Onceanunheard-ofevent,ithasnowbecomeacommonoccurrence.Thenumberofhijacksisincreasingandthegovernmentsoftheworldarebecomingmoreconcernedaboutthem.

WhoarethesehijackersThefirstones(about20yearsago)wereusuallypoliticalrefugees--individualswhosimplywantedtoleavetheircountryandflytoanother.ForinstanceCubansinAmericausedthehijacktechniquetogetthemselvesbacktoCuba.Aftertheplanehadtakenoff,thehijackerwouldforcehiswayintothepilot'scockpitandthreatenhimwithagun.Thistechniquewasoftensuccessful,becausethereisverylittlethepilotcandointhesecircumstances.Ifherefusestodowhatthehijackerwantsthenthereisastrongchancethattheplanewillcrashandeveryoneonboardwillbekilled.

However,morerecently,therehavebeenseriousdevelopmentsinhijackers.Present-dayhijackersusuallyhaveothermotivesfortakingoveraplane.Theydonotwantsimplytoflytoanotherdestination;theywanttousetheaircraftandthepassengersonboardasbargainingpointsfortheirpoliticalbeliefs.Theytelltheworldgovernmentsthatunlesstheirdemandsaremet,theplanewillbeblownupandallthepassengerswillbekilled.Thesehijackersareoftenmembersofinternationalterroristorganisations.Theymaywanttochangethesystemofgovernmentintheirowncountrybyusingviolence,ortheymayhavehijackedaplaneinordertotryandforceagovernmenttoreleasemembersoftheirorganisationfromprison.

Thereisnotverymuchanyonecandoonceahijackerisonboardanaeroplane.Hemaybecarryingagunorhandgrenades,which,ifused,wouldcauseadisaster.Theonlythingtodoistrytoensurethatthesepeoplenevergetontheplaneinthefirstinstance.Soairlinesallovertheworldhavesecurityprocedures.Beforeanypassengercangetonanairplaneattheairport,hemustgothroughaseriesofsecuritycheckstomakesureheisn'tcarryinganythingthatispotentiallydangerousorcouldbeusedasaweapononboard.Thesecuritymeasuresvaryfromairporttoairport.Atsomeairportsthereisverylittlesecurity.Atotherairportsthesecuritychecksareverystrictanditcantakeuptohalfanhourtogetthroughthemall.

KaiTakAirportinHongKong,China,hasagoodsecuritysystem.NoaircraftstartingitsjourneyfromHongKonghaseverbeenhijacked.AtKaiTak,whenapassengerfirstchecksin,hisorhernameismatchedwiththecomputerlistofpassengersbookedonthatparticularflight.Ifthenameisnotrecognised,thepassengerwillbetakenasideandquestionedbysecurityguardsandmaynotbeallowedontheplane.Next,everysuitcaseisX-raycheckedbeforeitgoesintotheplane.Anysuitcasethatseemstohavesomethingdangerousinitisnotputontheplane.Thenthehandbaggagewhichthepassengerswillcarryontotheplaneischecked.Eachpassengerhastoopenhisorherbagandthesecurityclerkexaminesthecontents.Camerasmaybeopened,evenbabiestakenoutoftheirpramsandcarry-cots.Ifthereisanythingthatcouldbeusedasaweapon,apenknifeforexample,thesecuritystafftakeitawayandkeepitinasafeplaceontheplaneuntiltheflightisover.Thepassengercanthencollectit.

Finallythereisabodycheckofallpassengers.TheymustpassthroughadoorwhereX-rayswillshowiftheyarecarryinganythingmadeofmetal,likeagun.Ifanythingsuspiciousisfound,theywillbeaskedtoexplain.(Atsomeotherairportsasecurityguardwill"frisk"everypassengeraswell,byrunninghishandsoverthepassenge'sbodytofeelforgunsandotherweapons.)Itisonlyafterallthesechecksthatapassengerisallowedtoboardtheplane.

Inthe1960s,medicalresearchersThomasHolmesandRichardRahedevelopedachecklistofstressfulevents.Theyappreciatedthetrickypointthatanymajorchangecanbestressful.Negativeeventslike“seriousillnessofafamilymember”werehighonthelist,butsoweresomepositivelife-changingevents,likemarriage.WhenyoutaketheHolmes-Rahetestyoumustrememberthatthescoredoesnotreflecthowyoudealwithstress—itonlyshowshowmuchyouhavetodealwith.Andwenowknowthatthewayyouhandletheseeventsdramaticallyaffectsyourchancesofstayinghealthy.

Bytheearly1970s,hundredsofsimilarstudieshadfollowedHolmesandRahe.AndmillionsofAmericanswhoworkandliveunderstressworriedoverthereports.Somehow,theresearchgotboileddowntoamemorablemessage.Women’smagazinesranheadlineslike“Stresscausesillness!”Ifyouwanttostayphysicallyandmentallyhealthy,thearticlessaid,avoidstressfulevents.

Butsuchsimplisticadviceisimpossibletofollow.Evenifstressfuleventsaredangerous,many—likethedeathofalovedone—areimpossibletoavoid.Moreover,anywarningtoavoidallstressfuleventsisaprescription(處方)forstayingawayfromopportunitiesaswellastrouble.Sinceanychangecanbestressful,apersonwhowantedtobecompletelyfreeofstresswouldnevermarry,haveachild,takeanewjobormove.

Thenotionthatallstressmakesyousickalsoignoresalotofwhatweknowaboutpeople.Itassumeswe’reallvulnerable(脆弱的)andpassiveinthefaceofadversity(逆境).ButwhatabouthumaninitiativeandcreativityManycomethroughperiodsofstresswithmorephysicalandmentalvigorthantheyhadbefore.Wealsoknowthatalongtimewithoutchangeorchallengecanleadtoboredom,andphysicalandmetalstrain.

Thereisnodoubtthatadults,andevenhighlyeducatedadults,varygreatlyinthespeedandefficiencyoftheirreading。Someproceedveryslowlythroughout;othersdashalongtooquicklyandthenhavetoregress。Poorreadersinparticularmaylacktheabilitytovarytheirmannerofreadingaccordingtothetypeofreadingmatterandtotheirintentionsinreadingit。Agoodreadercanmoveatgreatspeedthroughthetextofanovelorsimilarlightreadingmatter。Hemaybeabletoskimapage,pickingupawordortwohereandthere,andgainageneralideaofwhatthetextisaboutwithoutreallyreadingit。Inreadingmoredifficultmaterial,withtheintentionoftakinginthewholeofit,hewillproceedmoreslowly,buteventhenhewillvaryhispace,concentratingonthekeywordsandpassages,perhapsre-readingthemseveraltimesandpassmorequicklyovertheremainder。Alessefficientreadertendstomaintainthesamespeedwhateverthematerialhereads。Consequently,evenlightreadingmattergiveshimlittlepleasurebecausehereadssoslowly。Butthispacemaybetoofastforreallydiffic,ultmaterialwhichrequiresspecialconcentrationatdifficultpoints。Atypeofreadingwhichnecessitatescarefulattentiontodetailisproofreading,inwhichthereader,inordertodetectmisprintsinasampleprint,hastonoticenots,omuchthemeaningofwhathereadsastheexactshapeandorderoflettersandwordsinthetext。Thisisextremelydifficultformostpeople,sincetheyareaccustomedtooverlookingsuchdetails。Infact,considerablepracticeisrequiredtopractisethistaskefficientlyanditcanbedoneonlybereadingveryslowly,andbypayingcomparativelylittleattentiontothegeneralmeaningofthetext。

C.Areadingspeedtoofastfordifficultmaterialisjustrightforanon-seriousbookisalsotooslowforadifficultone.

Age.Yes,ageisaverysensitivesubjecttomanyAmericans,especiallytowomenoverage30.Inthisyouthupheldculture,thethoughtofgrowingolderisapainfuloneandmostofus,ifpossible,wouldliketohavenothingtodowithit.SomanyAmericansworkhardtomaintainayouthfulappearance.Thelastthingtheywanttobeaskedistheunthinkable,"Howoldareyouexactly"

Thisquestionmayresultinreplieslike:“HowolddoyouthinkIam?”“30ish,30something.I'minmythirties.Let'sjustleaveitatthat.”“Ican'tremember.”“Oh,don'taskmethat.”“IstoppedkeepingtrackafterIturned30.”“AlotolderthanwhatIwouldliketobe.”Anyhow,ifyouaredyingtoknowsomeone'sage,thisishowyoucouldgoaboutfindingout.Firstyouestimatetheiragebytheirappearanceandmannerism.Thenyousubtracttenyearsfromthatestimation.Iguaranteeyouwillgetabigsmilefromthatpersonwhowillalsoblushandsay,“Wow.Youaremybestfriend.I'm38already.Canyoubelieveit?”You,ofcourse,reply,“No.Ireallycan't.You'rekidding.Youdon'tlookadayover28.Thisisamazing.”Nowthat'sonesurefirewaytoboostsomeone'sego。

Weight.Thisisoneofthetouchiestsubjects.InAmerica,itisokay,evendesirable,tobethinbutitisasinandahugeembarrassmenttobeoverweight.Infact,thethinneryouare,theprettieryouareconsidered.LookingthroughanyAmericanfashionmagazines,you'llnoticethatmostmodelsarenothingmorethanskinandbones.Believeitornot,thetallandthinlookwasthehottestlookofthe1990s.

Americansverymuchmindtheirweightandrarelydisclosehowmuchtheyweigh…eveniftheyarethinandingreatshape.Therefore,youbestnottoask.Butifyouabsolutelyhavetocommentonthissubject,it'salwayssafetosay,"Oh,youlooklikeyouhavelostweight"than"Oh,youlooklikeyouputonafewpounds".However,ifyouwouldliketobehonestbutnothurtful,Irecommendyouchooseyourwordscarefully,perhapsbysaying,"Hey,youlookgreat.Veryhealthylooking."Andalwaysremember,it'snotfat.It'smuscular.

IncomeYoushouldneveraskhowmuchsomeone'ssalaryis.There'snowayaroundthisone.However,it'sperfectlysuitabletoaskabouttheirjobtitleandwhattheydoforaliving.Thisinformationshouldgiveyousomeideahowmuchtheymakeayear.

MattersoftheHeartThisisatrickyone.Sometimesyou'llrunintopeoplewhocannotwaittopourtheirheartsouttoyou.Thentherearethosewhomakesuretheirpersonalbusinessstaysbehindcloseddoors.Thegeneralruleisnottogettoopersonal,toofast.Youdon'twantotherstothinkthatyouarelookingintotheirlives.Therefore,trynottoasktoomanyquestionsaboutsomeone'slovelife,marriageandfamilyuntilyouhaveafriendshipwiththisperson.Eventhen,youbetterwaitforyourfriendtocometoyouwiththemattersoftheirheart.

Anyhow,it'sdifficulttoalwaysavoidconversationlandminessobesensible,watchyourstepsandtrynottoopenacanofworms.

Ifyouweretobeginanewjobtomorrow,youwouldbringwithyousomebasicstrengthsandweaknesses.Successor1_____inyourworkwoulddepend,to2_____greatextent,3_____youabilitytouseyourstrengthsandweaknessestothebestadvantage.4_____theutmostimportanceisyourattitude.

Aperson5_____beginsajobconvincedthatheisn'tgoingtolikeitoris6_____thatheisgoingtoailisexhibitingaweaknesswhichcanonlyhinderhissuccess.Ontheotherhand,apersonwhoissecure7_____hisbeliefthatheisprobablyascapable8_____doingtheworkasanyoneelseandwhoiswillingtomakeacheerfulattempt9_____itpossessesacertainstrengthofpurpose.Thechancesarethathewilldowell.

10_____theprerequisiteskillsforaparticularjobisstrength.Lackingthoseskillsisobviouslyaweakness.Abookkeeperwhocan'taddoracarpenterwhocan'tcutastraightlinewithasaw11_____hopelesscases.

Thisbookhasbeendesignedtohelpyoucapitalize12_____thestrengthandovercomethe13_____thatyoubringtothejoboflearning.Butinsgroupstomeasureyourdevelopment,youmustfirst14_____stockofswheresyoustandnow.15_____wegetfurtheralonginthebook,we'llbe16_____insomedetailwithspecificprocessesfordevelopingandstrengthening17_____skills.18_____beginwith,andyourstudyhabits,youshouldpause19_____examineyourpresentstrengthsandweaknessesinthreeareasthatarecriticaltoyoursuccessorfailureinschool:your20_____,yourreadingandcommunicationskills,However.

1.Formypart,Ihaveneverpresumedmymindtobemoreperfectthanaverageinanyway;Ihave,infact,oftenwishedthatmythoughtswereasquick,ormyimaginationaspreciseanddistinct,ormymemoryascapaciousorprompt,asthoseofsomeothermen.

2.Theylooktotheirmasterstoprovidefortheirneeds,andaslongasthesearesupplied,theyarecontenttodowhattheirmastersrequire.

3.Beforeanypassengercangetonanairplaneattheairport,hemustgothroughaseriesofsecuritycheckstomakesureheisn'tcarryinganythingthatispotentiallydangerousorcouldbeusedasaweapononboard.

4.Negativeeventslike“seriousillnessofafamilymember”werehighonthelistbutsoweresomepositivelife-changingeventslikemarriage.

5.Inreadingmoredifficultmaterial,withtheintentionoftakinginthewholeofit,hewillproceedmoreslowly,buteventhenhewillvaryhispace,concentratingonthekeywordsandpassages,perhapsre-readingthemseveraltimesandpassmorequicklyovertheremainder.

6.Americansverymuchmindtheirweightandrarelydisclosehowmuchtheyweigh…eveniftheyarethinandingreatshape.Therefore,youbestnottoask.

1至于我自己,我從未強求我自己的思想比大多數人更完美。事實上,我更是經常希望我的思想能和常人一樣敏捷,想象力能一樣精確清晰,記憶能一樣牢靠敏捷。因為我知道,從沒有其他的品質比這些更能讓思想變得完美。至于理智,或者說判斷力,本身使我們成為人并且區別與猛獸,我十分愿意相信它完整的存在于我們每個人的身上的。

Withthedevelopmentofindustryandeconomy,morepeoplefromruralareaarepouringintobigcitiesandmorevehiclesaregoingontothestreet.Asaresult,manycitiesarefacedwiththeseriousproblemoftrafficcongestion,whichhasbecomeoneofthemajorconcernsofthesociety.Tosolvethisproblem,manypeoplehaveputforwardmanysolutions,ofwhichthefollowingtwoarethemosttypical.Oneistolaydownmoreroads,whichwillmakethehighwayslesscrowdedandacceleratetheflowoftraffic.Anotheristoopenupmorebusroutes,whichwillenablemorepeopletotakebusesratherthanridebikesordrivecars,thusdecreasingthenumberofcarsandbikesracingonthestreets.However,bothofthesuggestionshavedisadvantages.Theformermayoccupytoomuchland,whichmaybeotherwiseputtobetteruses.Thelatter,ontheotherhand,willbringinconveniencetothosewhoarelivingfarawayfromthebusroutes.Thebestsolution,inmyopinion,seemstobethecombinationofthetwo:toaydownmoreroadsinspaciousareasandtoopenupmorebusroutesindowntownareas.

Nowadays,peopleinmanybigcitiesarecomplainingabouttheheavytraffic.Ithasseriouslyinfluencedpeople'sdailylifeandeconomicdevelopment.Tosolvetheproblem,somepiecesofadviceareputforward.Somepeoplesuggestthatmorestreetsandroadsshouldbebuilt.Inthisway,thetrafficdensitycanberedncedihencespeedinguptheflowofbusesandcars.Butthenewroadsandstreetswillbefilledwithmanycarsandbusessoon.Somepeopleadvisetolimitthenumberofbikesandcars.Thiscandecreasethetrafficflow.Butontheotherhaad,thiswillaffecttheconsumptionandmakebusesmorecrowded.Inmyopinion,thenumberofprivatecarsshouldbeputundercontrol.Andatthesametime,busesshouldhavetheirownspecialrouteswhichcannotbeusedbyothervehicles.Besides,undergroundtrainandcitytrainshouldbedevelopedquickly.(151words)

橋西校區:石家莊中山西路275號南樓3樓309室(中山西路與維明街交口東行50米路北)咨詢電話:0311-67669477、67669191、67669292、67807629、15631137385紅旗校區:石家莊紫金大廈11樓1119室(紅旗大街與槐安路交口西南角,17中南區南鄰)咨詢電話:0311-67306255、66035177、66035176九派校區:石家莊先天下九派大廈1204(中山路與育才街交口西南)咨詢電話:0311-86666933、86666955



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